Monday, February 8, 2010


Waterfalls In Sri Lanka

Bambarakanda Fall

This is the highest water fall in Sri Lanka. The waterfall is 802ft (241m) of height. Set amid an evergreen forest, it is formed by the Uduweriya Haputale mountains’ Kuda Oya (river), a tributary of the Walawe River. It cascades in a torrent (especially in the wet season) from a rocky outcrop into a deep, basin-like pool. To the left of the fall, centuries of wind and rain have formed what is said to resemble two embracing lovers out of the rock.

The thin stream of water which plunges over a rock slab like a thin silver rope, splits into two at ¼ of its length.

But, this waterfall is not famous as Diyaluma fall because of lack of beauty, its location and the limited water as it flows down the rock slab.

The fall is situated in the Badulla District( Uva Province), Belihul Oya area (Kalupahana area), Handumulla PC. From the Colombo – Badulla highway (4 miles away from the Colombo – Bandarawela main road), turn left for Weerakoon village and continue for 5km to the fall. The terrain is relatively difficult, so a four-wheel drive vehicle is recommended. Belihul Oya rest-house is 18km away, and Koslanda rest-house is 27km. World’s End, another of Sri Lanka’s major natural tourist attractions, is just 18km away. Do remember that it is a wet season fall. It is in full glory from October to March.

Kurunduoya Falls

At 629ft (189m), this is the second highest fall in Sri Lanka. From its source, the Kurundu River, the water cascades down into a deep ravine before later joining the Mahaweli River.

Located in the Nuwara Eliya District, to reach the fall take the road from Nuwara Eliya to Kandapola. After 18km the road winds past the Piduruthalagala ravine and the Coodoogala Jungle. Continue for another 11km until the Kurundu River and turn right by a stream. After 2km, it is not possible to continue by vehicle; park and walk onwards, past the tea pickers. The fall is situated 100m further into the tea plantations.

Diyaluma Fall

This is the third highest water fall in Sri Lanka. The height is 564ft (171m). The fall is located along the Koslande - Wellawaya road in the Badulla District (Uva Province). Koslanda is the nearest town to the Diyaluma fall 6km away, and Welawaya is 13km away.

Originating from the Mahakande Pass in Koslanda, it cultivates water from the Poonagala Oya in the vicinity of Koslanda and Wellawaya. It spills over a straight rock wall. The torrent of water cascades down to the Koslande Plateau and during rain it is a spectacular sight. Sadly, this enchanting fall visible from the Koslande highway may disappear due to frequent landslides. On one side of the fall the land is covered in deciduous plants. Wildlife found in the area include lizards.

The locals opine that the fall was created by the god themselves.

Mapanana Ella

Mapanana Falls" found at the foot of the "Sri Pada"( Adam's Peak ) range are one of the tallest and the most beautifully formed falls meandering its way down from a height about 450ft (150m). Carrying cooly and crystal clear waters from the springs where they are born in the Peak Wilderness Sanctuary this fall is difficult to get near to due to many reasons, the hazard of sudden gushes of water during especially, rainy seasons, being one of them.

Lakshapana Fall

This very popular 426ft (129m) fall (one of the highest waterfalls in Sri Lanka) is thought to derive its name from the presence of iron ore (laksha) in the rocks over which the water flows. But, there is another thought as its name a hundred thousands of lamps (“Laxsha” means hundred thousand and “pana” means lamp). The fall was said to house a labyrinth of tunnels, one of which still exists. Superstitious villagers tell how during Halloween, a golden melon bobs up and down in the water.

At Kotalatenne village, this waterfall literally lights up the country. The originating from the Maskeliya Oya which flows from “Indikatupana” in Sri Pada (Adam’s Peak). it flows over a length rockbed horizontally and plunges into a pool. Then in three equal string like formulations through the hard rock, the water flows vertically down along the hard rock wall, merging into one at the bottom. It is formed by the waters of Maskeli Oya which flows from Indikatupana in Sri Pada (Adams Peak). Known in ancient times as Veddahiti Ella ("where a vadda was" (“vaddas” are our ancestors still alives in in Mahiyanganaya area.), it is better known today as Laxapana, its gigantic power generates electricity for the island and it's situated in the former Aberdeen estate. This fall is close to Aberdeen Fall.

The Laksapana Reservoir, where the fall is found, is used by power stations at New Laksapana, Canyon and Polpitiya Samanala resulting in a certain amount of water depletion. A number of villages including Laksapana, Pathana, Kiriwaneliya, Muruthatenna, Kottalena, Hunugala and Belumgala surround the fall. It is sad to say the waterfall flows less water due to the tank made.

The fall is 660m above sea level in the Nuwara Eliya, Ambagamuwa Korale at the Ginigathhena Divisional Secretariat. The most convenient route is the Hatton – Maskeliya road. Take this road for 18km from Hatton, where a footpath leads down past the Pathana village to the fall. Alternatively, take the Laksapana road from the Kaluganga River junction for 14km to the Laksapana Temple. The fall is just 2.5km from here. The closest town is Ginigathhena, and the hotels of Dick Oya are 50km away.

Olu Ella

This is situated in a remote village called Malalpola off Yatiyantota on the High Level road from Avissawella to Nuwara-Eliya.

422ft (127 m) in height and dancing its way through several cascades before finding its way under a wooden bridge along the road. This waterfall adds to the rustic scenery of the village. Not very famous among the people here, it still attracts a considerable number of people going there informed by locals. During the periods when the foliage gets covered by lush greenary and the air gets cooly one is greeted with a momentary drizzle when traversing the wooden planks of the bridge.

Dun Falls

Dun Falls 416ft (125m high and 3m wide) is split into three chutes that converge in a tributary of Loggal Oya Reservoir called Madu Walla Kandura.

Annual deforestation of the land for chena cultivation means the land near the fall is bare and only 40 hectares of forest remain due to soil erosion. The woodland contains a variety of trees, including nelli, suriyamara, kolon, jack (Artocarpus heterophyllus), breadfruit, mee (Modhuca longifolia), weralla, alakola and woodapple. It is also home to wild boar, deer and hare.

It is said that long ago, King Rajasinghe's soldiers obtained wax for their bows from the Mee trees. Many local people have the name 'Dunukara Mudiyanselage', which means 'from the bowman', adding credence to the story. The name of the village 'Ittithambuwala', which after dialectal changes became 'Ittithampala', denotes the clefts used in boiling wax.

Villagers also believe that King Walagambe used a cave here to hide from pursuing enemies. The natural heritage is a great source of pride to the locals. The fall is near Ittithampala village in Badulla District (Meegahakivula Divisional Secretariat, Wewathanne GS area). Take the Meegahakivula - Pitamaruwa road to Bogahatenne. Turn along the gravel path and travel for 6km to the Wewathanne National School. The road is in a dilapidated condition so consider a four-wheel drive vehicle. To the right of the school there is a footpath near a precipice - continue for 3km to reach the fall.

Kirindi Falls

The source of this breath-taking, 386ft (116m) high fall is the Kirindi Ella (stream), which flows from its starting point 940m up the Kuttapitiya Mountain. The stream travels 13km before the cascading point in the Kaluwaramukalana Jungle. It then flows via the Denawaka River to the Kaluganga River, located in the Bambarakotuwa Jungle. Local villagers say that there is a picture of a tortoise etched into stone here.

At the base of the fall, the water plunges into a deep pool called Diyagathwala. It is said that a flight of stone steps leads down to the bottom, where a treasure trove is hidden. It is worth noting however, that the water completely dries up during times of drought and there have been no reports of found treasure. In the wooded area surrounding the fall, a multitude of plant species can be found, together with wildlife including wild boar, cobra, monkeys and reptiles. This area was previously known as Kustapitiya, meaning itch, as folklore has it that a king suffering from an itch had lived here.Local villagers also believe that during Halloween, human voices can be heard near the fall. Furthermore, it is said that fireballs can be seen in the skies above the fall at night.The nearest town to Kirindi Falls is Pelmadulla, Ratnapura District (Pelmadulla Divisional Secretariat, Kuttapitiya GS area). Take the Ratnapura -

Pelmadulla highway and 600m before the Kuttapitiya junction, turn left down the Kuttapitiya road. Continue for 5km to find the fall.

Alternatively, if approaching from the city of Ratnapura, take the Balangoda road to Pelmadulla and join the Pelmadulla School road. Continue via Narangoda to Kiuriwandala and the fall can be seen from near the Kuttapitiya tea factory. A convenient place to stay is the Ratnapura rest-house 21km away.

Be aware that the Pelmadulla PS charges a fee is to see this fall.

Ramboda Fall

The 360ft (109m) high double fall is borne of the many convergent brooks in the area that flow into the Puna Oya Reservoir, a tributary of the Kothmala River. It has three parts. . To the east of Ramboda is the Muhalkele Valley, through which flows the Kurundu Oya - the source of Kurundu Oya falls. Kurundu Oya is crossed by the Kandy-Ragala Road.

Traveler should descends to the "Ramboda basin", where the famous "Ramboda Inn" situated from where he can see the whole fall. Take the Nuwara Eliya to Pussellawa A5(N’ Eliya – Gampola rd., 53km post) road for 12km. The fall is located 1.6km from the highway at this point. It is 10km near to Pussellawa Rest-house.

Uranwetuna Falls - Rathnapura

This fall is in the Ratnapura district is a staggering 360ft (108m) high. The name of the fall is derived from the numerous wild boar found in the vicinity that come to drink water and often get swept away by the gushing waters. The river flows onto a rocky ledge, which creates a three-tier fall. Further downstream, the river passes another fall called Kottun, before joining the Kaluganga.

Even in severe droughts, the fall never dries up and supplies the nearby Kiribathgala State Plantations estates and hospital with water. A wide variety of trees and medicinal plants grow in the fall`s lush surroundings. The fall flows from the Mirishena jungle from the Pettiyagala mountain in the Opanaike Divisional Secretariat division. (delineating Kandeketiya and Palekande Gramasevaka areas).

Demali Falls

This fall is also in the Ratnapura district (Sabaragamuwa Province) is 350ft (105m) in height and flows to the Deni River. There is a massive crevasse at the base of the fall. Many are the theories as to how the fall got its name. One is that it has got its name from `de - mala`, meaning `twin falls`. Other tales of folklore are all connected with Tamils. One is that a young Tamil (demali) shepherd woman who was carrying a pale of milk from Ambagaha Arawa village to Kiri Kandula village was startled by a nefarious king. The woman panicked and fled but tripped, fell into the fall and drowned.

Another story tells of the seraglio of a Tamil (Demala) minister. When he left to go to war, he told his seven queens that if he were defeated a white flag would be hoisted from his ship's sails. If this were the case, he instructed them to flee in disguise. However, the white flag was hoisted by mistake so the queens naturally assumed the war had been lost and preferred to commit suicide rather than flee.

A further tale tells of how King Walagamba was waging war on the Tamils and as he passed the fall, a Tamil woman reacted by jumping into the water.

The nearby Hagala Mountain is also associated with the Ravana epic. The arrow released in war games by King Ravana is said to have pierced seven mountains and penetrated two more mountain peaks. This narrowed the gap between the two peaks at Hagala. The passage through the mountain is called the Ravana Passage. The closest town is Balangoda, Ratnapura District. Take the road from there to Pasaramulla and turn right. Continue for 3km to find the fall.

Mahakandura falls

Mahakandura Fall is 340ft (102m) high and situated in the Nuwara Eliya district. It is served by water from the Katukelle Estate (1200m). Below the fall is a canal network, constructed in 1888. It can be reached through the Ragala - Kandy road. The fall is located between the 25th and 26th mile posts. The nearest town is Hanguranketha.

Ratna Falls – Navaratne Falls

Also known as the Navaratne Fall - is 336ft (101m) high and is the highest fall in the Kandy district. The stream that serves it irrigates the paddy fields of the surrounding villages.

Superstitious villagers say that there were seven vessels filled with precious stones hidden close to the fall, but that five have now been found. However, anyone attempting to find the final two is said to meet with an untimely death at the bottom of the fall.

The route to the fall winds through villages between the Hunasgiriya mountain range and dense jungle. It can be reached by travelling on the Kandy - Mahiyangana highway from Hasalaka towards Wasgamuwa National Park to the Eke Ela Agri-Colony. From here, turn left onto a side road and continue until the footpath which leads to the fall after 4km. It is 7km from Hasalaka.

Dansinashin Fall

The impressive 332ft (100m) hight Dansinashin Fall cascades in a spectacular sequence of steps before flowing to the Pundalu Oya , the Kotmale river and finally the Kotmale reservoir. The nearest town is Pundalu Oya.

Take the Kandy road towards Nuwara Eliya toThavalamtenne. Turn onto the Gampola - Pundalu Oya road that leads to Pundalu Oya. Once there, continue for a further 2km to the two large tea estates called Dansinan and Shin. The fall flows between these estates and can be viewed in two segments, from above the road or below. This is one of the falls which is so close to the main road.

Elihatha Falls

The 328ft (100m) high Elihatha Falls as the name suggests, encapsulates a series of seven falls, each identified by a number. The first can be viewed from the Udaboda Estate (Kegalle District). To view the second fall, walk past Maliboda Bazaar, through Uda Malimboda, Nuriya, Thalawa and on to Dickwella mountain. The other five falls are difficult to reach.

The fall is situated in the Nuwara Eliya district at Bambargala mountain in the Middeniya grama niladhari area. The only road on which to approach the fall in any type of vehicle, is from Deraniyagala to Malimbada. Go up to Uda Malimbadatown, and then use the road running adjacent to the cooperative of Uda Malimbada. The nearest town is Deraniyagala.

Galdola Fall

The GALDOLA FALL (Ratnapura district, Sabaragamuwa Province) originates from a tributary of the Rakwana river, which flows down the eastern slope of Suriyakande mountain in the Sinharaja forest reserve. The fall is 328ft (100m) in height and nourished by the springs in the Sinharaja Virgin Forest.

The water courses over rock-strewn terrain and at times the flow is submerged by rocky outcrops. This profusion of rocks gives the fall its name “Gal” “dola” meaning “rock “pool”.

The fall is situated at the 82nd mile post near Rakwana, on the Ratnapura - Pelmadulla road. Rakwana rest-house is just 3km away.

Gerandigini Falls

This fall is an amalgamation of several falls in the Ratnapura District including the Ramboda and Gerandi falls. While this fall is 330ft (100m), the total height is 270m. Such is its scale, the fall can be seen from a considerable distance. The stream springs from the Galaha Forest Reserve, passing Galbithiya and onto the Puna Oya.

At the estuary where Gerandi Falls meets Puna Oya, another fall measuring 6m in height is created. The fall is situated about 100m below the tea estate in the Ramboda area and can be accessed either via the tea estate or the footpaths of Ramboda village. From Ratnapura take the Pelmadulla - Pathakade road to Samanalagama village. The fall is 3km south of Samanalagama.

Nekkavita Fall

The Mahagal Oya springs from the western slope of the 718m-high Higurangala Mountain and flows over a stone slab, creating this beautiful fall in the Kegalle district.

Take the Avisawella - Hatton - Nuwara Eliya road via Talduwa to Deraniyagala to reach the fall which is situated 85km from Colombo. It is 50km away from the Kithulgala resthouse, the popular stop famous the world over as the location where the award winning film, “The Bridge on the River Kwai” was filmed.

Aberdeen Falls

The impressive 323ft (98m) fall makes up a section of the Kehelgamuwa River and joins the Maskeli River at Kalugala before flowing into the ocean via the Kelani River. This waterfall is found below the Castlereigh Reservoir on the grounds of the former Aberdeen Estate. The Aberdeen Falls are notable for the three cascades that plunge past a rock wall containing water-hewn caves into a large, deep pool set within big boulders.

Unfortunately, the Norton Bridge dam constructed under the Lakshapana Project has decreased the volume of water in the fall, but it continues to cascade except in severe drought conditions. According to folklore, there is a tunnel leading from Aberdeen Falls to the neighbouring Lakshapana Falls the supposed opening of which can be seen near the Puna River.

Aberdeen fall is located 6km from the Nuwara Eliya District in the Kehelgamuwa mountain range, which encompasses an area made up of Ginigathhena, Norton Bridge, Lakshapana and Maskeliya.

The falls is accessible via Ginigathhena, located at the Colombo - Hatton main Road. There are a number of routes to the fall. The first involves using the Maskeliya – Dehigasthenna road, and then trekking for a distance of about 2km. Alternatively, catch a bus from Norton Bridge to Kalaweldeniya and trek from the 3rd mile post for a distance of about 1km, but watch out for wild terrain and abundant leeches (Hirundine spp). Or thirdly, start from Ginigathhena town and head for Ella Uda. When the Alagala village is reached in Hulanwanguwa, Aberdeen Falls is visible from a distance.

Devon's Waterfall

Devon's waterfall is one of the most famous waterfalls of Sri Lanka. The fall is situated in the Devon estate, named after Devon - a pioneer coffee planter in the hill country. It is gigantic fall, 323 ft (98 meters) high and has several cascades that add to its beauty. The clear space in front of the fall magnifies the gigantic nature of the fall. The brook flows over a narrow bottleneck rock ledge and falls vertically over the same rock wall in a single cascade. It’s eventually joins the Kothmale Oya (river), a tributary of the Mahaweli river.

It can be reached via Hatton-N'Eliya road and it is off Lindula by the roadside. Devon Falls is located along the Talawakele – Hatton (Navalapitiya) highway near the 20th mile post (Talawakele, Nuwara Eliya District, Uva Province) and it’s visibly best from here. It is a walk of 1km through tea estates. The Talawakele rest-house is 6km away and it is 21km to the Dick Oya rest-house.

In 1998, Kumar Bandula, otherwise known as Tony, established a record of the fall. There was once a threat that the area surrounding the fall and diverse species that live here, including the endemic purple-faced leaf monkey, would be adversely affected. However, the persistent lobbying of environmental groups averted disaster.

A view of the front of this 97m-high fall is possible from Midigama. It is one of six falls affected by the upper Kotmale hydro-power project.

Ways To Travel to the Waterfall

¨ Nuwara Eliya ª Nanuoya ª Thalawakele ª St.clair’s

¨ Colombo ª Kandy ª Navalapitiya ª Hatton ª Thalawakele ª St.clair’s

¨ Colombo ª Avissawella ª Ginigathhena ª Hatton ªThalawakele ª St.clair’s

Devagiri Falls

Devagiri fall in the Kegalle District is 300ft (90m) in height. Yet it is not popular with visitors as the route involves a trek through tea estates and difficult terrain. It is also not possible to get a close view. The source of the fall is the Dedugala Ehala Palanpitiya mountain in the Kegalle District.

Pulun Falls

This beautifull waterfall, 286ft (86m) in height and 12m wide picturesque and consists of two segments. The upper cascade (9m heigt) of the fall plunges into a pool of water, rushes from the jungle and overflows to form the lower cascade. The lower cascade which is double the height of the upper one, plunges on to the left and right, spreading across a wide area to create a picturesque sight. Due to its resemblance to cotton (Cotton means “Pulun” in Sinhala), as it plunges from the rock wall breaking into a thin spray, it has been popularly named as the Pulun Ella.

The fall is located about 15 km from the Rathnapura town on the Colombo – Rathnapura – Batticaloa trunk road, at Sigapulikande mountain, in the Denawaka area in the Pelmadulla electorate. Take the Colombo - Ratnapura – Batticaloa road and turn onto the Devalegama road at Pathakada junction. The fall is 0.5 km from here.

Dotulu Fall

Dotulu Fall is 276ft (83m) high and is situated in the Kegalle Distirct. To reach the fall, one has to travel from Halwatura Kelle Tea House for 1km, to the west of the Bambaragala area. It is also possible to view the fall from the east, 2km away, on a 900m slope. The route is through difficult jungle terrain and should not be undertaken without a local guide. The Kitulgala rest-house is 25km away.

Saint Clair’s Waterfall

(The Widest Waterfall in Sri Lanka)

Saint Claire is the widest waterfall in Sri Lanka and place between Hatton and Thalawakele and both places are in Nuwara Eliya district. St. Clair is a very beautiful and cool climate place. This waterfall has large amount of water. There fore it increases demand and beauty of this waterfall. St. Clair is a western name. Before 1948 AD Sri Lanka was govern by British government. They used to grow tea in upcountry lands and export it to UK. In that time they hippies about this waterfall and place the name of Tea Estate like this. It is composed of two waterfalls "Maha Ella" (Big St. Clair’s) and "Kuda Ella" (Small St. Clair’s). "Maha Ella" is 80m high (264 ft) and 50m wide falls in three cascades down to Kothmale river a tributary of Mahaweli river. "Kuda Ella" is 60m high and flows to the Kothmale fall too. Devon waterfalls and St.clair waterfalls and many beautiful waterfalls are at Kothmale river. This waterfall comes via upper Kothmale and various places. The fall can be seen clearly from A7 road, and located 3 km from Thalawakele. This beuatifull fall is an inviting site for regular bathers because it is fairly easily reacheable from a footpath (actually there are many) downhill through greeny tea shrubbery.

Thalawakele, Nanuoya, Hatton and other places closed to this place is known as large and upcountry beautiful tea estates of Sri Lanka.

Thalawakele has nice railway station and special points are also at there. Thalawakele rail way is narrow road and in little distance train travels up to several kilometers. St.clair is at closed to the main road and railway.

These are one of two waterfalls threatened by a proposed hydro-power scheme in the area.

Ways To Travel to the Waterfall

¨ Nuwara Eliya ª Nanuoya ª Thalawakele ª St.clair’s

¨ Colombo ª Kandy ª Navalapitiya ª Hatton ª Thalawakele ª St.clair’s

¨ Colombo ª Avissawella ª Ginigathhena ª Hatton ªThalawakele ª St.clair’s

Huluganga Falls

250ft (75m) tall Huluganga Falls, just 28 Kms from Kandy, situated in the Kandy Wathupitiwala Road. Huluganga Falls (75m in height) is one of many created by the stream originating from the Knuckles mountain range. The cascading water sprinkles the villages of Elliyadda and Aratthana, before flowing to the Victoria Reservoir. It is popular with both local and foreign visitors and villagers regard it as part of their Dumbara heritage.

Mala Falls

This falls is 250ft (75m) in height.

Dehena Ella

This is along the country road (good motorable road) from Rathnapura to Alupolla. It is about 247ft (74m) tall.

Dehena Falls is an impressive fall and its source is a small spring called Gaslabu Falls. The stream, known as Dehena Dola, flows from Perya Udagama on Dehena Mountain and cascades in twin chutes from the plain of Udaamunatenna. Afterwards the water flows via Pandola to the Bambarakotuwa River.

A small opening in the stone at the base of the pool near the fall is called 'Gathula', meaning 'inside of the stone'. It is said that during heavy rain, the caves surrounding the fall are totally submerged and the road becomes obscured by mist. However, during dry spells the flow is languid. The land towards the top of the fall has been denuded for timber and tea plantations, which has caused the depletion of aquifers.

The fall is just by the side of road and a good site for bathing. The bath in the pool just beneath the fall is a memorable event but you have to be careful because there is danger of drowning here.

Take the Ratnapura - Sri Pada road and take the turning at Wevelwatte to Weveldola Valley for 25km. The tree-lined road through the hills is narrow and a four-wheel drive vehicle is recommended. Dehena Falls is one of several here, located between the villages of Pahalagama and Amunugama. The sounds of the fall can be heard before it is visible. Ratnapura rest-house is 21km away.

Narangak Falls

This falls is 233ft (70m) in height.

Madanagiri Falls

This falls is 226ft (68m) in height.

Dunhida Fall

The Dunhinda Falls is one of Sri Lanka's most beautiful waterfalls and considered to be one of the most enchanting falls in Sri Lanka, is located about 5 km off Badulla and about 2 km distance from the main road which runs to Taldena from the remote city Badulla (Badulla District, Uva Province). The waterfall, which is 244 feet (74m) high gets its name from the smoky dew drops spray, (Dun in sinhala means mist or smoke) which surrounds the area at the foot of the waterfall. The water resembles a thin cloud as it cascades 63m downwards into a large pool. The backdrop to the fall is known as ‘Dunhinda Adaviya’. Another name to ‘Dunhinda’ translates to ‘spraying/vapour waterfall’ – the word ‘dun’ means ‘gave/was given’, while ‘hinda’ means ‘evaporate’. The water fall is created by the river called Badulu Oya which goes through the Badulla town.

It is linked with the romantic episode of a Princess Manike Bandara who fled with her lover, a common man. To escape the wrath of the king, they leapt from the top of this waterfall.

To reach the water fall you have to walk more than 1 km distance along a foot path. Along this foot path you can see another small waterfall at a distance. However walking along this muddy foot path is really worth as the waterfall is so beautiful. Along this foot path there are many native venders selling herbal drinks to refresh and rest yourself. At the end of the path there is a secure stage constructed for viewers to see the waterfall. If you are brave enough you can reach the foot of the waterfall and cross the river and see the most beautiful view of the fall.

The Ella rest-house is 29km away.

Okandagala Falls

Standing at 210ft (63m), the Okandagala Falls in the Ratnapura District is a spectacular sight during the rains of the eastern monsoon, when the water reaches the Belihul Oya. Some say that from the bird's eye view, achieved by climbing to the top of the rocks, the fall appears to flow from the sky. During a drought however, it dries up completely. The wild undergrowth prevents visitors from viewing the fall at close range.

According to folklore, treasure troves containing 32 crowns and assorted gems are hidden in the rock. A visiting king is supposed to have asked 'is that the rock containing the treasure?', giving the fall its name ('Ookada gala' means 'is that the rock?').

Take the Kandy highway towards Nuwara Eliya via Wathumulla, passing both the 42nd mile post and the second culvert. At the three-way junction, take the Mandarampura road. Near the Makandura Reservoir, there is a road that leads to Okandagala mountain. This 2.5km journey is extremely difficult.

At the summit of the Okandagala mountain the Okandagala river flows, creating a minor fall (known as the Okandagala Sub-waterfall), which is 5m in height. Continue for a further 3.5km, past a huge mango tree to reach the fall, which cascades down a massive section of protruding rocks.

Alakola Fall

The 200ft (60m) Alakola Fall is served by the Oban river, which follows the shape of a large 'V' beginning at the Buwalpola mountain (1955m).

The fall is situated in the Hanguranketha area in the Nuwara Eliya District (Uva Province) and the nearest town is Nuwara Eliya. Follow the Udupuddalewa - Kandy road for about 7km to Eramuthukelle where a Hindu kovil sits atop a rock formation. The fall is behind the kovil.

Alupola Ella

This is made up of three parts and the total height is about 200ft (60m). It is 25 Km away from Ratnapura in the Wewalwatte village. It is yet another picturesque waterfall located in the midst of a tea plantation in the Wewalwatte village, at the end of the road to Alupola.

The fall derives its name from a nearby tea estate. It is served by a brook beginning at Kalugaldova on the southern slope of the Bathurugala Mountain (1047m). After being joined by numerous other small brooks, the water winds its way through the mountain jungles to Wewell Dola, where it forms the Walawe River. This is met by the Heendole stream before forming the elegant fall.

The upper reach of the fall is home to species such as elk, sambur deer, wild boar and reptiles. The lower reaches are abundant with water leeches. Thereafter, the water cascades from a rocky ridge giving rise to the small Halketiya Falls.

Even in a drought the water continues to fall as a small stream, and due to the moisture, even as the midday sun shines overhead, a damp environment prevails. A hydro-electric power station has been built by damming Alupola Falls in Bellangama, and the power generated is used by the Wewell Watte Tea Factory. Water is also supplied to the government tea factory. However, mining around the fall itself has damaged the aquatic eco system and if steps are not taken immediately to remedy this, the fall may be destroyed. On a number of occasions, sudden water surges associated with the fall have occurred, causing several deaths.

Delta Fall

Delta Fall has six streams and is 200ft (60m) in height, flowing through shrubs down a rock-strewn slope. Its source is a tributary of the Kotmale river. This is also the site of Sri Lanka's first tea plantation. Introduced by the Dutch and owned by Rothschild Vomes, it proved unsuccessful.

It is 6km from Pussellawa, at a bridge near the 41st mile post and can be reached by road or rail. The Pussellawa rest-house is 9km away.

Diyawini Falls

The 200ft (60m) high Diyawini Falls forms part of a tributary of the Diyawini River, which is in a jungle 8km east of Balangoda, south of Vikiliya. The tributary, together with another stream created by the Diyawini River, flows into the Walawe Ganga. The Devagiri Vihare (Devagiri Temple) and an ancient Dagoba overgrown by the jungle are nearby.

Local villagers believe that a treasure trove is buried in the vicinity and that a village head disappeared when he tried to find it. They also maintain that Brahmin scripts are inscribed in caves and further assert that there are three stone vessels, each 3m deep, located here.

Take the Balangoda - Weligapola road to Kapugala road and the ancient village of Diyawini. The fall is located near the old Rajamaha Vihare.

Helboda Falls

A beautiful wayside waterfall, it is the first among a series of such falls you’ll encounter on the Kandy - Nuwara Eliya (A5) main road, east of Pussellewa, near 28th milepost (Nuwara Eliya District, Uva province).

More than 200ft (60m) high fall rises in the hills, (north of the road) which belongs to the chain of Dolosbage mountains. The water cascades through a narrow gap over a hard rock which seems to be carved into tiny steps. It flows under the bridge and joins the Mahaweli river,
when both parts taken together and a very attractive yet simple water fall. It is by the side of the road and one can almost descends to the foot of the fall.

Kapura Kanda Falls

This falls is 200ft (60m) in height.

Mannakethi Ella - Kitulgala

This is a beautiful fall of about 200ft (60m). "Manna" means knives. "Kethi" means hatchet. People use to wash their tools in this falls and thus came the name. It is situated in the Kegalle district.

The source of this fall is the Girankitha Oya Reservoir, that is served in turn by the western slopes of the Unagula mountain. Later, the Mannaketi Falls flows into the Kelani Ganga that enters the Indian Ocean in Colombo North.

To reach the fall, take the highway from Kitulgala, over a bridge, to Malwatte. From here, climb the mountain above the Girankitha Oya Reservoir (across the road at a small hamlet in the rubber plantations) for 3km until a footpath is reached. After about 400m, the footpath reaches the fall. Alternatively, take the highway from Kegalle, and 13km before the town of Bulathkohupitiya, Mannaketi Falls can be viewed on the right-hand side. The Kitulgala rest-house is 5km away.

Meemana Falls

This falls is 200ft (60m) in height.

Nanu Oya Fall

From the Nanu Oya (river), the water flows through the Udaradella and Bambarakele areas to the fall. The water cascades through mist down a sequence of 25 steps (200ft / 60m inheight) before later joining the Kotmale and Mahaweli rivers. A hint of grandeur is added to the scene by the imposing bridge that spans the fall.

The fall is situated in Nanu Oya, 6km from Nuwara Eliya

Seethakotuwa Falls

This falls is 200ft (60m) in height.

Silu Falls

This falls is 200ft (60m) in height.

Surathali Fall

Surathali fall is 66ft (20m) in height, 2m wide and made up of three segments as a long stream running down along an angled rock rather than a fall.The word "Surathalee" means as charming as a playful mistress.... exactly suits the purpose. But someone called this fall was named after a “film” that was shot in the area.

Originating from the Sri Pada Reserve's Ellamana mountain range (948m), the fall is created by the Kadawath ganga, which flows along Sabaragamuwa, Uva and later into the Weli ganga. It is bordered by an untouched wildlife sanctuary. At the Mahaeliyakande, there are certain soil crystals known as 'Sita Devi Guli', which resemble the rice used to make 'aggala'. According to folklore, Sita Devi (Queen Sita) is said to have made sweetmeat here and spilled some of it, which is what remains at the site today.

Another story has it that two villagers saw gold plates glittering in a cave, while on a jungle trek. They decided to retrieve the treasure and ventured inside the cave but as soon as they were inside, the stone door of the cave shut, barring their exit. They were allowed out only once they had acknowledged that the treasure belonged to King Walagamba.

Take the Balangoda - Badulla road to the 169 - 170th mile posts, between Halpe and Marangawela. Turn at the Belihuloya, near Halpe and proceed for 8km along the Colombo - Ratnapura - Batticoloa road (A4). Near the 105th mile post, 20m through mountainous jungle, the fall can be found. The Belihuloya rest-house is 8km away and the Koslande rest-house is 40km away.

Yaka Endu Falls

This falls is 200ft (60m) in height.

Arambe Falls

The 180ft (54m) Arambe Falls name originates from the 'arama' through which it flows - an area of jungle, rich in resources such as food, wood, water and medicinal plants, traditionally utilised by hill country farmers. Trees such as jak, breadfruit, rasakinda, cane, na and kumbuk as well as cloves and goraka can be found, which are mostly grown in Sri Lanka.

The source of this fall is a tributary of the Rakwana river, which springs from the Sinharaja forest. Until colonial times when plantations were introduced, this 'arama' satisfied the needs of local villagers, who accordingly gave the impressive 14m-wide fall its name.

Take the road from Rakwana to Yahalawela village, which after about 1km leads up o the Lenark State Plantations. Here stands the fall, in the Rakwana area.

Kotapola Ella

The enchanting Kotapola Waterfall is 180ft (54m) in height and is located in the village named Kotapola in the Matara District.

Access to this waterfall is about 4 Km from Kotapola via Urubokka. Hydroelectric power is also generated from this waterfall.

In spite of the beauty of this waterfall only few tourists visit this place due to the lack of awareness about the attractions of the location.

Dodan Ella

This 176ft (53m) high fall cascades in two sections. At either side of the upper segment there are two elephant trunk-shaped stone arches. The fall's source is the Devipahala Ela Canal, which flows through Demalegama village before pouring off a rock ledge. The surrounding wooded area contains herbal plants such as ruliya, hathmetiya, vitex attissima and helapeda. Diverse species of wildlife can also be found here, including wild boar and deer.

It is worthwhile to travel for about 2 kilometers from Bopath Ella towards the Devipahala area, where the not so known ‘Dodan Ella’ falls is situated. The fall is created by a tributary of the Kuru ganga which joins it near Bopath Ella. The top most part of the fall descends to a deep pool where the water is not spilled over, but collects underneath the rock and continues to cascade down to the second level. This indeed is a strange and rare formation. Visitors to this spot have to descend to the waterfall along its edge to reach the bottom of the falls as there is no other approachable path.

The site was used for the filming of a Sri Lankan motion picture, 'Inspector Champa'. Local villagers believe the area may be of some archaeological significance too - the ancient caves of Batawita and Batalena in Kuruwita, where early humans once lived, are nearby. If the relevant authorities investigated, it is thought that many buried secrets could be unearthed.

Take the Colombo - Ratnapura road and turn right at Higashena bazaar, down Devipahala road. Continue for 5km to find the fall, which is situated along the route that also leads to Bopath Falls.

Warning: Visitors have to be cautious when climbing down and up along the edge as it could be dangerous. The adventure trail from Bopath Ella to Dodan Ella along the river is interesting and provides a fascinating view of the fall.

Athamala Falls

This falls is 173ft (52m) in height.

This falls is 173ft (52m) in height.

Beruwatta Fall

This fall is a 166ft (50m) high fall, set amongst tea plantations and a plethora of mountainous flora and fauna, formed by the convergence of several brooks originating on the Rakshagala mountain. The cascading waters of the fall have been poetically likened to pure white cotton and a length of loosened hair, flowing from a fairy in the heavens, free for anyone to comb.

At the base of the fall is a rock that offers a perfect seat for quiet contemplation, and also a pool known as the Beruwatte-vila, from where two brooks converge to flow into the Weveldola stream. This stream is later joined by the Alupoladola and the Ravuladola, and finally flows into the Mahaweli ganga near Malwala. Both the Balakotunna mountain range and the Mahalassa estate are visible from the elevated ground close to the fall.

To reach the fall, from Ratnapura town, head towards Balangoda via Wevelwatte and the fall can be found in the village of Balakotunna. Alternatively, from the Wevelwatte junction, head towards Balangoda for 1.5km and turn right at the tea estate. From here, it is necessary to trek for around 100m along the track adjacent to the estate to reach the fall.

Goxin Fall

Goxin Fall gets its name from a British planter, “Goxin”, said to have been adept at aquatic sports. It is 166ft (50m) in height and up to 50m wide during the rainy season. The source of the fall is at Bubula in Mannikaya patana. The water flows over a rock to join the Kaluganga at Gilimale. At the base of the fall, the water plunges into a deep pool, though the exact depth is unknown. The surrounding area is mainly used for tea plantations.

The fall is located 25km from Ratnapura town in the Pelmadulla area. Take the Ratnapura - Wewelwatte road and turn left at Nugapola town onto the Dehena - Kande road. Go through Wewalketya village and Kambiadia. From here it is 4km to Halakande village where the fall can be found.

Parawella Falls

This falls is 166ft (50m) in height. The Dulugala Oya, born in the wilds of Pidurutalagala, flows through a gorge, on its way to join the Uma Oya, the main waterway before plunging over a 90 meter-precipice. There it becomes the Parawella Falls, set amidst awe-inspiring natural beauty of Parawella.

Thaliya Watuna Falls

This falls is 166ft (50m) in height.

Upper Hunnas Falls

This falls is 166ft (50m) in height.

Hunnas Fall

Hunas fall (A man made waterfall close to Kandy) is located in Matale District, a little away from Kandy and located at Hunnasgiriya near Elkaduwa Village. This beautiful waterfall has a hight of 160ft (48m) and 23m wide. Apart from the main fall several water streams can be seen during rainy seasons.

1765m above sea level at one end of the Knuckles mountain range. A group of five streams flow from here and meet to form the Mahaoya reservoir, which leads on to Hunnas Falls and the Suduganga.

Above the fall lies 32 hectares of land with an artificial lake and patch of jungle, which belong to Hunnas Hotel. The woodland consists of cyprus, pyness (pines), teak, pihimbiya, huna and ratadel. Numerous types of orchids also grow here. The surrounding area is home to a wide variety of wildlife, including deer, porcupine, monkey, mongoose, wild boar, pangolin and the forest eagle owl, while the water is alive with fish. The area is subject to every climatic condition of the island. Many tourists visit this fall due to its proximity to both, Hunas Fall & Hunas Hotel. There are two routes to the Hunas Fall. Hunnas Falls can be reached by taking the Kandy - Matale road for 18km, turning at Wattegama on to Elkaduwa road and travel 3km along the beautiful country road through the Hunnasgiriya State Plantations to Imbulapitiya. The fall is at the foot of the Hunnas Hotel.

¨ Colombo ª Kandy ª Matale ª Elkaduwa

¨ Colombo ª Kandy ª Watthegama ª Elkaduwa

Anagimala Fall

153ft (46m) height fall, situated in Kanneliya Biosphere Reserve at Udugama in the Galle District. It’s 3km to the fall from here.

53rd in height this multi necklace (“mala” means necklace) waterfall is more lively in the moths of May –June. The million is a natural wild flower garden with various orchids and kaleidoscopic butterfly multitudes lending a riotous spasm of color. However a fable reveal that a young pregnant damsel. Committed survived here and her walls supposedly could be heard in the fall.

Alawala Devin Panna Falls

This falls is 150ft (45m) in height.

Arawakumbura dunhinda falls

The 45m fall is full even during the dry season. The source of the fall is the Ibban Oya, a tributary of Gal Oya. A number of valuable trees are found in the area, locally known as suriya, mara, bulu and Nellie.

The fall is visible from the Lunugala - Bibile road. Situated in Lunugala town near the Alakola mountain, it is 6km from the Batticaloa road in Arawakumbura in the Passara Electorate.

Balangoda Ranmudu Falls

At 150ft (45m) high and 3m wide, this double fall is located near the Ranmuthu River, and cascades down a massive rock formation. The resulting water irrigates the villages of Meddegama and Thanathiriyanwela. Unfortunately, a recently-built bridge has marred the natural beauty of the site. However, the bridge has done nothing to diminish the enthusiasm of local villagers, who revel in the story that the fall was used by the daughter of ancient warrior King Sitawaka Rajasinhe to bathe. On one such occasion, the princess' ring slipped from her finger and into the pool. For a moment it floated to the top, but then a huge rock fell on it from above, pinning it to the riverbed. Here it is said to remain.

King Sitawaka Rajasinhe's treasure chest is also rumoured to be hidden here, but many attempts by villagers to retrieve it have failed due to the demon that guards it, they say. Such is the power of legend, that in April 2002 an armed posse of treasure hunters carrying digging equipment, worryingly accompanied by a senior superintendent of police, was apprehended by villagers before it engaged in too much skullduggery.

The fall is situated in the Ratnapura District at Balangoda Monarangama. Take the Balangoda to Matenne road to the Niyandahela village in the Borangamuwa area and you can reach the fall easily.

Diyakerella Falls

The Diyakerella Fall is in the Kandy district flows through jungle and cascades down a 150ft (45m) high rock formation, the noise made is incredible. As the water hits the bottom, another fall is created, though only the upper section is visible through the dense foliage. The beauty of the fall is enhanced by the towering presence of the Lakgala mountain at Meemure village.

Beneath the fall is an elephants' corridor known as “Ethpara” (“Eth” means Tusker and “para” means road or foot path) and there is also a monastery nearby. The stream joins the Heenganga and later the Mahaweli ganga.

The fall is located in Meemure village in Kandy District (Minipe Provincial Secretariat Division, Central Province) and requires a 12km trek through the jungle.

Hathmale Fall

This waterfall is one of beautiful falls in Sri Lanka. Hathmale Fall is 150ft (45m) high and 10m wide and the tallest fall in the Gin ganga and is split into seven storey or seven segments ('hathmala'). “Hath” means Seven. The fall is located 12km from Deniyaya in the Matara District, Deniyaya Pallegama area (Southern Pfovince). Take the Deniyaya - Pallegama road and turn off near the Pallegama bridge. From here it is 8km to the fall.

The source of the fall is the Deniyaya Gongala mountain range and the stream flows on to the Ginganga at Pallegama. It is popular with both local and foreign visitors.

Jodu Falls

This fall is also known as 'Bambarelle Knuckles', are twin falls with identical lengths, 150ft (45m). They cascade simultaneously from both ends of the mountain into the Mahaweli ganga via the Huluganga. The Moragaha ganga is the source, which springs from Me Malai, part of the Knuckles mountain range. Before reaching the falls, the water flows down seven chutes and through several pools.

In the surrounding area medicinal plants abound and there is a wide variety of wildlife including wild boar, porcupine and a lizard endemic to the island known locally as dumbara katussa. The area at the top of the falls has been denuded, causing concern that the aquifers might dry up and erode the land.

The Moragaha ganga flows across Bambarella, Baddegama and Kosgamma, before reaching the Huluganga. Jodu Falls is situated in the Patha Dumbara Electorate (Panniwala Provincial Division). From Wattegama travel the 24km via Bambarella to Panniwala. The rest of the journey is not possible by road, so trek the last 1km from the border of the Knuckles mountain range to the fall.

Mapalalla Falls

This falls is 150ft (45m) in height.

Pandioya Falls

This Fall is another waterfall in the Ratnapura district, is 150ft (45m) in height and enclosed by woodland. Its name derives from the 'pandi' (Garra ceylonensis) species of fish that are a formidable sight swimming upstream along the rocks, against the flow of water. The fall's source is the Pandi river, which springs from the nearby Bathgurula mountain (1045m), south-west of the Sri Pada reserve. It later flows to the Kaluganga. Bambarakanda provides a stunning backdrop.

Take the Wevelwatte highway in the Ratnapura District via Gilimale to Bibile village. From here it is a tortuous trek of 6km through assorted flora and creepers. There is no defined path so it is necessary to hire a local guide. There is a bus service as far as Bibile. The nearest city is Ratnapura which is 24km away

Papow Falls

This falls is 150ft (45m) in height.

Peessa Falls

150ft (45m) tall Peessa Falls is so named as 'peessa', in old Sinhala, refers to a place where people assembled. It is said that it was here that King Dutugemunu assembled workmen to construct 'viharas and dagobas. The 5km Peessa canal irrigates about 20 hectares of land in the agricultural colony all year round. The starting point of the canal resembles a minor fall. There are also five turbines here supplying power to the surrounding area.

It is not widely known and is created from an aquifer at the peak of Lunugala Mountain. Later the water flows into the Kurakkan Oya, which flows across Madolsima. The fall is the only one in the area that flows all year round, regardless of droughts, even surpassing the better-known Dunhinda and Diyaluma Falls. When it rains, the extra volume of water makes Peessa Falls cascade in two streams.

The nearest town to the fall is Passara in the Badulla District. Take the Passara - Bibile road and turn right at the 22nd mile post. Travel for 6km along the road running south. The fall is situated at the Peessa agri-colony. Alternatively, travel from Badulla to Passara, continuing to Lunugala and on to the Hoptain Estate. Turn right at the top here and 8km along the road to Peessa, the fall can be found.

Rajamale Falls

This falls is 150ft (45m) in height.

Suduwelikotha Falls

This falls is 150ft (45m) in height.

Thini Oya Falls

This falls is 150ft (45m) in height.

Wawulpana Falls

The 150ft (45m) high fall is one of nature's unique creations. It is an internal waterfall within a prehistoric limestone cave, which according to Sri Lankan and French scientists who came here on an expedition in 1960, is 500 billion years old. It is the oldest such cave on the island and the millions of bats that have set up home here is an awe-inspiring sight (“Wawula” means Bat).

The cave is 135m in length and has two parallel doors. In addition to the main cave, 12 others can be found here. To the right above the door is the bat colony and the cave in which they give birth is known as the 'Malwathu (Garden) Room. It can be dangerous however, as reptiles slither their way inside, attracted by the presence of the bats' young. The limestone formation covers an area of 52 square kilometres. Within the cave is a limestone pit, which is still growing. There are fossilised remains of an animal here. Adjacent to this is a layer of sea coral. So many and varied are the attractions of the cave.

Around 100 plants unique to Sri Lanka thrive in the area surrounding the fall. The calcium carbonate, iron hydroxide and magnesium that cause the yellow-coloured water in the aquifers, is believed by village elders to cure skin ailments.

The fall is located in the Wavulpane limestone caves at Walapane village in the Ratnapura District (Sabaragamuwa Province). Take the road from Pelmadulla towards Embilipitiya for 15km, then turn on the Sanwardene Mawatha road up to Walapane school. It is a trek of 1km across the proposed new Walapane highway to reach the fall.

Piyangiri Falls

This falls is 146ft (44m) in height.

Andawala Fall

The fall flows from the Nayameruhinna mountain range and is 133ft (40m) high. It is situated in the Andawela village, which is in the Nuwara Eliya district between Walapane and Hanguranketha. It can be found at the 31st mile post on the Kandy-Regala road. A convenient place to stay is the Hanguranketha rest-house, which is 50km from Kandy.

Illumbekanda Doowili Falls

This falls is 133ft (40m) in height.

Kalthota Doowili Falls

This falls is 133ft (40m) in height.

Nalagana Falls

Ritigaha Oya Falls

A beautiful, broad waterfall located about eight Km down the Bulathkohupitiya – Dedugala road (9km east of Bulathkohupitiya), it has been renamed as Nalagana Ella today. The fall which is about 132ft (40m) in height is formed by the Ritigaha Oya reservoir, a tributary of the Kelani river.

Flowing parallel to the above mentioned road though not visible most of the time due to the trees and shrubs, it comes down like a veil over a broad granite rock bed into a steep slope about 8km from Bulathkohupitiya. Kitulgala rest-house is 41km away.

Ravan Falls

This falls is 133ft (40m) in height.

Watawala Falls

This falls is 133ft (40m) in height.

Thiruwanam Falls

This falls is 130ft (39m) in height.

Kaluwala Falls

This fall has got its name from a pool filled with dark water (kalu wala, “kalu means black and “wala” means hole or pool) at the top of the 126ft (38m) high fall.

According to folklore, King Mayadunne is said to have bathed here. The Ulugala village in the Imbulpe Divisional Secretariat area (Ratnapura District, Sabaragamuwa Province) is home to the fall.

Take the road from Balangoda towards Pinnawala, past Pidaligannawala village via the suspension bridge over the Ranmudu River. Take the Kotiyakanda road at Ulugala.

Puwakmale Falls

This falls is 123ft (37m) in height.

Welanda Falls

This falls is 123ft (37m) in height.

Wanduramala Falls

This falls is 116ft (35m) in height.

Unagolla Falls

This falls is 110ft (33m) in height.

Lanka Falls

This falls is 106ft (32m) in height.

Ahasbokku Falls

100ft (30m) high fall is in the Kalutara District (Western Province) can be reached when you go on the Matugama - Baduraliya road to Kalawana pass. From Athweltota go ahead for 5km up to the Ambatenna bridge. To the left is the Kumburhena road. Travel for 1.5 km, and the fall could be viewed to its left in a slope of about 200m.

Ahupini Falls

Ahupini Ella (waterfall) also called `Ahupini Falls` is a lovely waterfall that can be seen from the historic town of Aranayake. This waterfall is a 100ft (30m) fall in the Kandy District (Central Province) that forms part of the Maha ganga that originates from both sides of the Raksawa mountains, and is itself 570m above sea level. The upper area of the fall winds through an area known as Uda Palatha, upstream of which is the Divisional Secretary's Uduwella GS area, in the backdrop of Apalawatte Pallegama village.

According to legend, it was named after the story about a King who had many wives, and on his way from war, he said he would give them a message from the hills about the result. He said if his soldiers waved a white flag over the hills, it would mean he was defeated, being killed in action and if he waved his own flag bearing his crest, then it would mean that he was successful. The cunning King decided to play a joke on his wives, who were waiting with their horses near the waterfall to see the visual message, by waving a white flag. His wives were so upset that they all committed suicide by jumping over the falls which today, is inspired by the name of Ahupini which is `Ashwaya` (Horse) and `Pini` or `Panina` (Jump) means `the horses jumped over the falls`! However, others have different stories about this fabled folklore.

The fall derives its name according to the folklore, from a desperate suicide attempt, where a mounted monarch leapt from its upper reaches. Villagers say that the fall sometimes emits a fearsome roar that can last for 15 minutes, and that this signifies that it will claim a human sacrifice within a two-month period.

The fall forms a plunge pool strewn with rocks where people are not encouraged to bathe due to the risk of drowning. Also at the base of the pool are crevices known as Pinikandawela and Tissakumarawella that are said to house treasure by villagers.

According to ancient books written about border demarcations, this fall acted as a demarcation between the area of Satara Korale and Paranu Kuru Korale. The fall is 49km from Pussalawe and 44km from Kitulgala. The upper reach is about 5km from Dolosbage in the Kandy District, and can be accessed by passing Aranayake. The foot of the fall can be reached by travelling through Mawanella in the Kegalle District, across Aranayake. A four-wheel drive vehicle is the best option. The falls can even be seen from Bathalegala (Bibile) Rock.

Alakolagala Falls

This falls is 100ft (30m) in height.

Allapita Falls

This falls is 100ft (30m) in height.